Eyes Of WES - Science Fair Project 2010



This is where we are going to keep our notes for our science fair project for this year.


Question

What eye color is there the most of in 1st grade at Williams Elementary School?

Hypothesis

I think it will be blue or green because my family has blue and green eyes.

I think it will be brown because everybody I see, their eyes are brown.

I think they will have blue eyes because the people I play with have blue eyes.

I think hazel because I have hazel eyes and I think most 1st graders have eyes like mine that change a lot.

I think it will be amber because I have a little bit of friends that have amber.

I think amber because a lot of my friends have amber eyes.

Gray because all of ya'll have gray eyes.

I think brown eyes because everyone in my family has brown eyes.


Materials
Camera
SD Memory Card for pictures
cord for putting pictures on the computer
tri-pod for the camera
light so we don't have to the flash on the camera - so there is no red eye
pencils
paper
eraser
scissors
2 three ring binders
plastic sleeves to sort our collection of pictures
project board
colored construction paper for project board decoration
computer
color printer
colored ink cartridge for printer
books about eyes for research
our class wiki
internet for research

Procedure

1. Do research to learn more about eye color and what different color eyes there are so we can sort our pictures into groups. We also need to learn about two different color eyes.
2. Invite all first graders to our class and take pictures of their eyes.
3. Put the pictures on the computer and print them out.
4. Cut out the pictures.
5. Sort the pictures by eye colors. Blue, Amber, Brown, Gray, Green, Hazel and Heterochromia
6. Count how many people have each color eyes, then record our data in our log.
7. Use our data to make graphs.
8. Use our graphs to draw conclusions and answer our question.





April 26, 2010 - Day 1

We have decided to collect pictures of WES 1st graders eyes to see which color of eyes there are the most of in 1st grade. We are interested in eye color because there are 2 people in our class that have different colored eyes.

We did some internet reseach to learn more about eye color. On wikipedia, we learned that the iris is the part of the eye that has color. We learned that pigment is what gives the iris color. Pigment is kind of like paint. Melanin is a pigment that makes eye color darker. The more melanin your eyes have, the darker your eyes will be.

We will sort eye color into these catagories: Blue, Amber, Brown, Gray, Green, Hazel and Heterochromia (eyes that have two different colors)

April 29, 2010 - Day 2

We wrote our question for our project in our log. Then we wrote our hypothesis, and made our materials list. We also made our procedure list.

May 4, 2010 - Day 3

We reread the article about eye color on Wikipedia. We learned that the reason that you see red eye when you take pictures is the pupil doesn't have enough time to close and the light shows you the blood vessels at the back of the eyes. We learned how to write the bibliography information down so we can give the writers of wikipedia credit for their hard work.

Later we read a book called Eyes by Kathy Furgang. We learned that the iris is a muscle that makes your pupil bigger and smaller to let just the right amount of light into your eye. You can damage your retina by look at the sun.

May 5, 2010 - Day 4

Today we took pictures of the eyes of all of the 1st grade boys and girls. A lot of us got to push the button on the camera to take the pictures. There were some 1st graders who were home sick today. So when they come back to school we will take their pictures because we want to study the eyes of ALL the first graders.

We went to the website: http://www.allaboutvision.com/conditions/eye-color.htm at all about vision and learned that hazel eyes are a combination of brown and green. Eyes can change colors as we get older. When some people feel angry, happy or sad their eye color changes.

May 6, 2010 - Day 5

Today we took pictures of all of the 1st graders that were absent yesterday. Now we have pictures of all the kids in 1st grade. Our teacher is going to print out our pictures so we can start sorting them on Monday.

May 10, 2010 - Day 6

Today we are going to sort the pictures of boys and girls by color. The pictures are marked on the bottom right corner with a B for boys, or a G for girls. That way we can compare color of eyes, and if the girls or boys have more.

We sorted the pictures of 1st graders' eyes into these catagories: amber, blue, gray, green, hazel, brown, heterochromia.
Here are the results: amber - 3 blue - 16 gray - 14 green - 2 hazel - 12 brown - 65 heterochromia - 7

May 12, 2010 - Day 7

Today we will sort our color groups by girls and boys to decide which has the most of each color. We also worked on the pages for our notebook. We discovered these results: Amber had 1 girl and one boy. Blue had 8 girls and 8 boys. Gray had 6 girls and 8 boys. Green had 1 girl and 1 boy. Heterochromia had 4 girls and 3 boys. Brown had 36 boys and 29 girls.



Data


Conclusions
We learned that there are 65 kids in 1st grade at WES with brown eyes. That’s way more than any other color. We learned that there are more girls with brown eyes (36), than there are boys with brown eyes (29).
There were 16 kids with blue eyes, 8 were girls and 8 were boys. 14 kids had gray eyes, 6 were girls and 8 were boys.
Only 11 kids had hazel eyes, 5 were girls and 6 were boys.
There were 3 kids with amber eyes, 1 was a girl and 2 were boys.
The same number of girls and boys had green eyes, and green eyes had the least of any other eye color. There were only 2 kids with green eyes in the whole 1st grade.

We were surprised to find out that there were 7 kids with heterochromia in 1st grade. That’s more than amber and green put together.
If we could do this project again, we would like to take pictures of the eyes of all the kids at WES. We would like to see if the results we got in 1st grade would be the same for the whole school.

Bibliography

Dubow, Burt, and OD. "Eye Color - How It Develops | Why Does It Change? - AllAboutVision.com." Consumer Guide to Eyes, Eye Care and Vision Correction - LASIK, Contact Lenses and Eyeglasses. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 May 2010. <http://www.allaboutvision.com/conditions/eye-color.htm>.

"Eye color - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eye_color>.

Furgang, Kathy. My Eyes (Furgang, Kathy. My Body.). New York: Powerkids Press, 2001. Print.